Migration and City-makers


Migration is the movement of people from one place to another with the intentions of settling, permanently or temporarily in a new location, irrespective of the reason for migration or legal status. The movement is often over long distances. Generally, a distinction is made between short term or temporary migration, covering movements of duration between three and twelve months and long term or permanent migration out of their residence for a duration of one year or more.


Kutumb defines City-makers as the semi-skilled or skilled blue collar and grey collar workers, who have been building the cities with their skills and hard work. Most of the City-makers from rural and semi urban areas are the backbone to build cities. The key sectors in urban destinations where City-makers are employed include construction, hotel, textile, manufacturing, transportation, services, domestic work etc.

Status Of Migrants

  • 45 Crore Migrants in India as on 2011
  • Over 17 Crore migrate for better livelihood
  • Over 1 Crore Migrate annually
  • 27% migrants are between 20 – 29 years

Reasons For Migration (Push Factor)

  • Distressed Agriculture
  • High Unemployement
  • Lack of Dignity of Labour

Reasons For Migration (Pull Factor)

  • India has 17 Fastest Growing Cities out of 20 Global Cities
  • India has 100 SMART cities
  • Better opportunities for Citymakers


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